An on-line archive of articles published in The National Science Foundationís flagship magazine from 1970 to 1992.
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All Articles by William Cromie
Year (Volume & No.)TitleAbstractAuthorDownload
1977 (Volume 8, No. 6)U.S.S.R -- International Cooperation In Research Special: Trailblazing for DetenteAmerican and Soviet metallurgists exchange insights, toasts and ingots in their share of some broad, functioning, cooperative research agreements.William CromiePDF
1979 (Volume 10, No. 3)Tropical Biology: Crossroads for Tropical BiologyWorking against time and developers, tropical biologists seek to understand a fast-disappearing ecosystem.William CromiePDF
1979 (Volume 10, No. 4)Geotechnical Engineering: What's Fail-Safe for a Dam?Geotechnical engineers seek--and find--ways to test massive structures to failure without waiting for them to fail. Centrifuge scaling.William CromiePDF
1980 (Volume 11, No. 2)Instrumentation -- National Research Facilities Special: Regional Instrumentation CentersNew centers across the country make available research instrumentation many disciplines need but no one institution could afford.William CromiePDF
1980 (Volume 11, No. 4)New Oceanography -- Science In The Sea Special: The New OceanographyMore than a decade of doing oceanography in a big way has changed the way the oceans are seen and studied.William CromiePDF
1980 (Volume 11, No. 6)Symbiotic Astronomy: The Sky at All WavelengthsAn intricate interleaving of ground- and space-based studies is necessary to cover the spectrum by which the universe is known.William CromiePDF
1981 (Volume 12, No. 3)Microfabrication: Room At the BottomAcademic and industrial scientists continue to press the limits of microfabrication, the realm of extremely small dimensions.William CromiePDF
1981 (Volume 12, No. 5)Photochemistry: Splitting Water with LightGaseous hydrogen, the way nature produces it, isn't all that photochemists are after. Water-splitting driven by sunlight offers a range of other attractions too.William CromiePDF
1982 (Volume 13, No. 1)Paleolimnology: Beneath the African LakesThe ancient lakes of eastern Africa, among the oldest and deepest in the world, contain a record millions of years old-and more than trace of oil.William CromiePDF
1982 (Volume 13, No. 4)Trails In The Sea: Born to NavigateMany marine species come armed with senses that enable them to perform feats of navigation for which humans need batteries of sophisticated instruments.William CromiePDF
1983 (Volume 14, No. 1)Computerized Design -- Chemistry Special: Computers and Molecular DesignThe application of artificial intelligence to problems of chemical analysis and syntheses is having dramatic impact on many operations that were once tedious and prohibitively time consuming.William CromiePDF
1983 (Volume 14, No. 4)Sub-angstrom Microscopy: To See an AtomHigh-resolution electron microscopy offers a view of the atomic world. Innovative instruments improve the view.William CromiePDF
1984 (Volume 15, No. 1)Artificial Intelligence -- Computer Research Special: Before They Can Speak,They Must Know. Intelligent relationships with people are among the goals for tomorrow's computers. Knowledge-based systems are the beginning.William Cromie; Lee EdsonPDF
1984 (Volume 15, No. 4)Gears -- Engineering Research Special: Toothed Wheels: an Ancient Craft, a Modern TechnologyComputer models, materials research, and unconventional designs are adding science to the art of gear-making. Ever to the South.William CromiePDF
1984 (Volume 15, No. 6)Geoscience Technologies: Windows to the EarthRapidly developing technologies are adding to the ways earth scientists can examine their enigmatic subject.William CromiePDF
1985 (Volume 16, No. 4)Fluid Flow -- Scientific Computing Special: Computers to Go with the FlowIt will take more than just fast computers to handle the mathematics that comes with problems of fluid flow. Engineering with multiphase flow. A turbulent superfuture.William CromiePDF
1986 (Volume 17, No. 2)Synchrotron: Synchrotron Radiation IIITen years after Mosaic first discussed it, synchrotron radiation continues to produce revolutions in science and engineering.William CromiePDF
1987 (Volume 18, No. 2)Quagma: Quark MatterUsing the largest available particle accelerators, including the Superconducting Supercollider when it is fully developed, physicists hope to produce the kind of quark-gluon matter, or quark matter, that presumably existed at the birth of the universe.William CromiePDF
1988 (Volume 19, No. 2)Visualization: Computer Images In Five DimensionsMore data than a mind can encompass or a computer digest and present in reasonable time by orthodox methods can be comprehended if the information can be converted into an image (three dimensions) in motion (time, a fourth). The computer's use of color makes it five dimensions, from all of which the eye can extract information. William CromiePDF
1988 (Volume 19, No. 3&4)Air/Ocean -- Global Change Special: Grappling with Coupled SystemsThe time frames in which changes occur in the atmosphere are vastly different from those that take place in the sea. This is only one of many difficulties facing efforts to understand and model these intricately interacting systems on a global scale.William CromiePDF
1989 (Volume 20, No. 4)Hotspots: The Roots of Midplate VolcanismHigh on the list of the earth's great remaining riddles are volcanoes where none ought to be. The solution promises answers to a range of geophysical questions.William CromiePDF


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